Nepal is a breathtakingly beautiful country; unfortunately, it is also a very impoverished country.
The lack of economic development in Nepal is directly related to the lack of access to education. Unable to read or write, many Nepalese are unable to advance beyond jobs in manual labor or subsistence agriculture.
Nepal's lack of education is a result of many factors. In general, education is neither valued nor accessible in Nepal. Most are skeptical of the usefulness of education, and even those inclined to pursue it find it difficult, if not impossible to do so. The majority of Nepalese live in small rural villages in the countryside where village schools rarely offer classes higher than the sixth grade level. Middle schools and high schools are few and far between. Most children who do attend the school drop out before reaching the fifth grade, due to their inability to meet the financial requirements. The financial straits of most Nepalese force education to take a backseat to the more pressing challenges of day-to-day survival. Instead of attending school, children work or beg. Nepalese girls, seldom sent to school, usually marry and bear children early on.
More recently, political instability within Nepal has plunged much of the countryside into chaos, resulting in the closure of many schools. Young people have left their homes to fight, taking with them their families last chance to climb out of poverty. Over half of Nepal’s population is under 18 years of age and with these young people so ill prepared to deal with the problems that plague their country, the future of Nepal looks bleak.
Another fundamental setback is that the road systems are not developed in the remote areas. Villagers cannot use vehicles to carry the materials or groceries that are necessary for everyday life on the Himalayas. Instead, conditions require them to carry heavy loads on their back or even on their heads while walking long distances, often in extreme weather, to and from their homes. This daily activity imposes detrimental effect on their backbone or neck starting from early childhood. Consequently many of them are suffering backbone or neck distortion or leg pain, that often appears later in life. These symptoms are often left untreated due to either lack of access to any health care unit or lack of financial assistance for their treatments.
Many of the Nepalese live with the most basic of necessities. Most homes in Nepal are constructed from local natural resources, such as stone, mud, and wood. A number of Nepalese accommodations are built on a steep slope, with most roofs simply being made of hay. These dwellings are ill-equipped for extreme weather or natural disasters, and in the case that they are destroyed, most families cannot afford to build a new home.